The Line of Control (LoC) is a military line of control between parts of the former spring state of Jammu and Kashmir controlled by India and Pakistan – a line that does not constitute a legally recognized international border, but serves as a de facto border. Originally known as the Cease-fire Line, it was renamed Line of Control under the simla agreement signed on July 3, 1972. The part of the former princely state, under Indian control, is divided into trade union regions of Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh, while the Part controlled by Pakistan is divided into Azad Jammu-cashmere and Gilgit-Baltistan. The northern point of the control line is known as NJ9842. The border between India and Pakistan continues from the southernst point of the LoC. The Salamabad terminal is located along the road between Chakothi and Uri, in the Baramulla district of Jammu and Kashmir, along the Indo-Pak LoC.  This is an important route for trade and travel between LoC and LoC. On the Indian side, banks and commercial facilities are planned.  The English name means “Peace Bridge” is in Uri. The bridge was rebuilt by the Indian army after the 2005 Kashmir earthquake, when a mountain on the Pakistani side collapsed.  This road was opened for trade in 2008 after 61 years.  The Srinagar-Muzaffarabad bus crosses this bridge over the LoC.  The declaration came even after Pakistan summoned the Indian Business Office Gaurav Ahluwalia and discredited Islamabad`s condemnation of alleged ceasefire violations by Indian troops on 14 September in the Nikial and Jandrot areas of the LoC.
Pakistan claimed that Indian fire was demanding the life of a civilian in the village of Balakot, near the LoC. Pakistan has asked India to allow UNMOGIP to investigate the fire incidents. “There were no major incidents along the LoC between 2003 and 2012. We have reported only minor incidents. One of the provisions of the ceasefire agreement was, for example, that no new posts should be created within a 500-metre radius of the line. Sometimes, if they were seen strengthening their defence, or if they saw that we were doing the same thing, some warning shots would be fired. Technically, even a single round is a violation of the ceasefire. So they counted as offences. But apart from minor incidents, nothing bigger has happened in the first ten years,” Hooda said. New Delhi: Things warmed up on Monday along the line of control after the Indian army killed seven Pakistani soldiers on the line of control in a “retaliation operation” in the Poonch Kashmir district. On 19 December, during the winter session of Parliament, the Lok Sabha government announced that Pakistan had violated the ceasefire along the Line of Control (LoC) 771 times.
This represents an increase of 230% compared to 2016. 2017 was the worst year for the violation of the ceasefire between India and Pakistan since the 2003 agreement came into force. India has blamed Pakistan for 860 ceasefire violations along the Line of Control (LOC) and the labour border along Jammu-Sialkot, while Pakistan has blamed India for 1,300 violations of the ceasefire, which killed about 100 people in 2017 alone. Both sides claim that they are retributing themselves by making the other party responsible for breaking the ceasefire in an “un provoked” manner, boasting that an “appropriate response” has been given and that there has been, on the other hand, a higher number of deaths.